Articles Tagged with Retail Bankruptcies

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In my blog article on August 9, I focused on some of the issues that licensors need to be aware of as they license IP rights, including the concept of allowing distributors to include “damages only” clauses in the distribution agreements.

The second issue that often arises in distribution agreements related to DVD distribution rights is that the producer/licensor grants to the distributor/licensee the right to distribute a movie in various media, including, but not limited to DVD. The distributor will often pay for the cost of manufacturing the DVDs and then have the first right to recover the cost of manufacturing out of the first sales of those DVDs.  Sometimes the producer/licensor will pay for the cost of manufacturing the DVDs.  In either instance, however what happens when a distributor files a bankruptcy and holds on to the DVDs, the cost for which may have already been recouped through prior sales or which have actually been paid for by the producer.

The “automatic stay” which comes into being on the filing of a bankruptcy by the distributor, precludes the producer from immediately recovering those DVDs, and a significant question arises whether or not those DVDs become “property of the distributor’s bankruptcy estate”.

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Commercial landlords should take notice. Within the last several months, one women’s clothing retailer after another has gone out of business. On Dec. 4, 2014, Philadelphia-based Deb Shops filed Chapter 11. Next came Delia’s, based in New York, which filed bankruptcy only four days later. On Jan. 9, 2015, Body Central, based in Florida, a chain with 265 stores, announced that it was closing all of its stores by way of an assignment for the benefit of creditors, an alternative to federal bankruptcy. On Jan. 15, Wet Seal, a Southern California-based company, filed its own Chapter 11. Then on Feb. 4, Cachè, another New York-based chain filed Chapter 11. In addition to these, Jones New York andKate Spade Saturday recently announced that their retail locations would be closing.

If one is an anomaly, two a coincidence and three a trend, then we should pay attention when we see so many substantial retail women’s clothing companies file bankruptcy all within a few months. There is anecdotal evidence that as millennials get older and start to assert their spending power, traditional brick-and-mortar businesses may be in for some tough times.

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